According to this tool of language, students from different areas of the world have a single (same) language in their schools to learn all the subjects including, math, sciences, humanities and social sciences. This term “immersion” has some broader explanation as, there are two types of language; majority language, it is the language spoken by the majority of the people in a given place and region and minority language, it’s the language that minimum number of people speak in a particular region other than majority language. Through this language tool, majority language has some more focus and teachers are more proficient in the majority language, this is one of the core characteristics of immersion.
In U.S there are two main program, which support this language immersion; One way that is foreign language immersion and two-way (dual way), that is the dual language immersion. There are more than 317 dual language immersion happened in U.S elementary schools in 2005. There are basically three types of immersion depends on the age group of students, first is the early immersion, where students learn their second language from the age of 5 or 6. The second stage is the “Middle immersion, where students learn their second language from the age of 9 or 10. Last one is the “late immersion” and it is the most important and prevalent one, where students learn from the age of 11 and 14.
This two way language immersion programs in school help students to learn more than two languages. Although according to a research on language immersion programs, children who are in to the early immersion programs in the age of 5 or 6 tends to lag behind only in their first few years of their life. This also encourage students to accept other culture and that in long term put a very positive shift towards multiculturalism.